Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that is influenced by many factors, not least the visual system. Having the correct prescription and visual correction may help with problems such as incorrect focusing of the eye, poor muscle coordination or insufficient muscle strength which all have an influence. It is important to have an eye examination to eliminate these potential causes.

Dyslexia is a lifelong condition that is recognised as a disability under the Equality Act 2010 and it is estimated that 1 in 20 people in the UK have dyslexia to a certain degree. Dyslexia can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling.

Many people who have dyslexia suffer from visual stress. Visual stress can make reading very tiring on the eye. People suffering from visual stress may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Find that letters blur or words go out of focus
  • Suffer headaches from reading
  • Find it difficult to read across a page
  • Find it easier to read large print or widely spaced print that is not small or crowded
  • Notice that letters shimmer or shake, or appear back to front

Dyslexia is not linked to intelligence but can making learning difficult. Support is available to help improve reading and writing and to help people with difficulties be successful in school and work.

What are the signs of dyslexia?

The signs of dyslexia usually become more noticeable when a child starts school and begins to focus their efforts on learning to read and write.

Signs of dyslexia may mean that further investigation should be made. Dyslexia can be noticed in people in different ways, depending on their age.

A preschooler may:

  • Learn new words slowly
  • Have problems remembering or naming letters, numbers or colours
  • Be late talking
  • Find it difficult to learn nursery rhymes or play rhyming games

A school age child may:

  • Read below the expected level for their age
  • Have problems processing and understanding what they say
  • Put letters and figures the wrong way round
  • Occasionally confuse ‘b’ and ‘d’ or words such as ‘on/no’
  • Leave letters out of words or put them in the wrong order
  • Find it difficult to concentrate
  • Take longer than average to complete their written work

A teen or adult may:

  • Find it difficult to fill in forms and write reports
  • Have problems spelling
  • Mispronounce names or words
  • Find it difficult to summarise a story
  • Struggle with map reading
  • Regularly miss and confuse appointment times
  • Find it difficult to structure work schedules
  • Have difficulty reading aloud

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If you are concerned about any changes to your vision you should visit your optician or GP who will be able to answer your questions. You can find your nearest KODAK Lens Optician by using our optician finder.

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